Archibald Sibeko also known as Zola Zembe (1928 - )
The Order of Luthuli in
Profile of Archibald Sibeko also known as Zola Zembe
Archibald Sibeko, also known as Zola Zembe, was born on 3 March 1928 in Kwezana Village, near Alice in the Eastern Cape. He attended school at Lovedale, but moved to Cape Town where he became deeply involved in the trade union movement, alongside Oscar Mpetha and Ray Alexander Simons. He joined the South African Railway & Harbours Workers' Union (SARHWU) and became its Secretary. In 1955, he was a founder member of the South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU), the first non-racial trade union federation in South Africa. Sibeko also joined the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party in 1953 and was an accused in the Treason Trial in 1956. He was acquitted and permanently banned, but remained a champion in the struggle on all fronts – both for workers' rights as well as for political emancipation. When the decision was taken to form Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), he was among the first to become involved in the Western Cape. He was arrested with the late Chris Hani in 1961, but before the finalisation of the trial, the Western Cape region instructed him and his comrades to go abroad for military training.
This involved considerable personal sacrifice, as he left behind his five young children and his expectant first wife, whom he never saw again, since she died a few years later. He travelled to Botswana, Zambia and Tanzania, before going to the Soviet Union and Cuba for military training in 1964. On his return to Tanzania, MK's first camp was opened in Tanzania at Kongwa, where Sibeko was a Camp Commander. He was later deployed to Western Europe. Sibeko vigorously mobilised the international trade union movement in support of the struggle against apartheid.
As the National Treasurer and later the Co-ordinator for Western Europe, he travelled widely in Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia and the former Socialist countries, winning millions of workers across the world in support of the struggle for freedom and democracy in South Africa. On returning to South Africa in 1990, Sibeko was elected Honorary President of SARHWU and was elected Deputy Chairperson of the ANC in the Western Cape. Archie Sibeko also worked in the first democratic election in 1994 at a voting station in Khayelitsha. After suffering a minor stroke, he returned to the United Kingdom to join his wife Dr Joyce Leeson.